"Men Smear!": Revisiting Seminal LGBTQ Comedy The Birdcage

Critic Manuel Betancourt says his relationship with the hit American comedy has evolved, just as he has.

by | June 12, 2019 | Comments

This year, Rotten Tomatoes expanded our list of the best-reviewed LGBTQ movies of all time to 200 films. To celebrate those works and mark Pride month, we asked a number of Tomatometer-approved critics to reflect on the LGBTQ movies that influenced their lives and their work. 

As the kind of sissy boy whom my schoolmates scolded for my lack of soccer skills and my predilection for choir practice (I was a soprano, naturally), I spent much of my childhood wrestling with my own seemingly insufficient masculinity. Despite how obviously I failed at performing manliness, I was wracked with anxiety about how I knew I should act. This is not as uncommon an experience as I felt it was. Whether you grew up in Colombia, as I did, or in the South of France or in Miami, the pressures of acting like a man were as soul-crushing as they were laughable. This is what one of my favorite movies growing up taught me, though not until I revisited it decades later.

The Birdcage is, above all, a farce about masculinity. About its frailty and its attendant anxieties. Based on Édouard Molinaro’s La Cage aux Folles, Mike Nichols’s broad comedy stars Robin Williams (in khakis and a Selleck-ish mustache) and Nathan Lane (in linen pants and the occasional wig) as Armand and Albert Goldman. The couple run the The Birdcage, a drag club in South Beach where Albert (as “Starina”) is its greatest star. When Armand’s son Val (Dan Futterman) informs him that he’s going to  marry his girlfriend Barbara (Calista Flockhart) he caveats the good news with a request: might he go along with the white lie Barbara told her ultra-conservative parents, Senator Kevin Keeley (Gene Hackman) and his wife Louise (Dianne Wiest), that Armand is a straight cultural attaché?

The Birdcage (MGM Home Entertainment/Everett Collection)
(Photo by MGM Home Entertainment / Everett Collection)

The comedy stems from the failed attempts at keeping the charade of a heterosexual (and heteronormative) Goldman family. If Albert cannot present himself to the Keeleys as Armand’s partner, by god he’ll do it as Val’s definitely-not-gay uncle, a scenario that gives Lane every delicious comic beat he could ever hope to play. In one of the scenes that I could probably still perform from memory, Albert tries to butch himself up. He practices spreading some mustard on some toast only to be scolded by his frustrated lover: “Don’t use the spoon! And don’t dribble little dots of mustard: men smear! Smear!

The film was a staple of my teenage years. Whenever it was on cable we’d watch it as a family. We’d laugh in unison as we saw Lane’s flailing attempts to walk straight, only to end up deciding to pass himself off as Val’s mother in surprisingly convincing Old Lady drag. My laughter was, during those family viewings, comforting and discomfiting in equal measure. I laughed at Lane’s femininity in a way that I hoped inoculated my own. What a laughable stereotype, I thought. Thank god I’m not that gay, I reassured myself, still in the closet. I may be called a ‘marica’ in school, but surely I pass more easily than this out-of-drag drag queen. I loved the film precisely because it gave me room for such distance.

The Birdcage (MGM Home Entertainment/Getty Images)
(Photo by MGM Home Entertainment / Getty Collection)

By the time I got to college, that kind of thinking led me to a revisionist understanding of the film that felt all the more insidious: it’s films like these – big broad comedies trafficking in caricature – that fuel the homophobia around me. Couldn’t we do better? Couldn’t we be more than punchlines? Did we have to be effeminate gay men with high-pitched voices who couldn’t hold their pinkies in check when “smearing” our toast?

It’s only slowly dawned on me how much I came to project onto The Birdcage which, Hank Azaria’s lisping “Guatemalanness” aside, is a wholly assured satire about homophobia and masculinity. Nichols walks a fine line between finding Val’s request and the subsequent comedy of errors it precipitates as preposterous and hilarious, insulting and entertaining. And while Albert may look like a fey stooge, it is his sensibility which runs through the film; it’s his drag which saves the day and reveals the Keeleys’ (and Val’s) hang-ups as utterly laughable. In its campy theatrics, The Birdcage encourages us all to be more like Albert, to see in his gay femininity a kind of strength we all too often mock and disparage. Sometimes even within ourselves.

Manuel Betancourt is a culture writer and film critic interested in all things queer and Latinx.

Like this? Subscribe to our newsletter and get more features, news, and guides in your inbox every week.


The Birdcage (1996)

Adjusted Score: 81.246%
Critics Consensus: Mike Nichols wrangles agreeably amusing performances from Robin Williams and Nathan Lane in this fun, if not quite essential, remake of the French comedy La Cage aux Folles.
Synopsis: Armand Goldman owns a popular drag nightclub in South Miami Beach. His long-time lover, Albert, stars there as Starina. "Their"... [More]
Directed By: Mike Nichols

Tag Cloud

Interview dramedy TruTV DC streaming service Video Games Biopics Horror robots DC Universe Watching Series Tumblr IFC CNN The Witch supernatural biography Rocky nature CBS Pride Month Syfy Esquire sitcom TBS comic Sneak Peek BET DGA MSNBC VH1 PBS serial killer ABC space cults Box Office BBC America Acorn TV Red Carpet Brie Larson Stephen King X-Men Winter TV Set visit Paramount Sundance Superheroe The Arrangement IFC Films WGN Musical Marathons Pixar Dark Horse Comics revenge Shudder GLAAD HBO Max sequel Quiz crossover Vudu ratings GIFs Super Bowl LGBTQ CW Seed Nominations Comic Book Action Disney Channel doctor who Sony Pictures jamie lee curtis Awards Crackle strong female leads Walt Disney Pictures tv talk Emmys Awards Tour Trivia disaster zombies true crime facebook Election crime YouTube Red zombie Elton John Rocketman 007 PaleyFest miniseries Hulu Martial Arts HBO cats medical drama Writers Guild of America Drama technology E3 cooking Infographic Sundance Now Captain marvel Toys ESPN Mudbound 24 frames Reality Competition Ovation diversity SundanceTV Columbia Pictures Pop Character Guide Sci-Fi Amazon Prime Video FXX Countdown Showtime 21st Century Fox war Oscars AMC FOX Thanksgiving Animation Disney anime book Lionsgate Trailer Starz witnail Grammys crime drama Disney streaming service Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt WarnerMedia ABC Family Britbox Trophy Talk Nickelodeon Spike Reality Comedy Central TCA 2017 Chilling Adventures of Sabrina Polls and Games Bravo Mary Poppins Returns CMT sports psycho travel Calendar 20th Century Fox Holidays Ghostbusters harry potter Christmas romance science fiction Anna Paquin Film Festival Certified Fresh Adult Swim natural history comiccon what to watch cars anthology television Film Song of Ice and Fire Mary Tyler Moore VICE Schedule 2018 ghosts MCU YouTube Premium Star Wars Mystery zero dark thirty Freeform finale movies President 2015 vampires Family SDCC Fall TV 2017 series dc Black Mirror Food Network social media 2019 DirecTV golden globes TNT Cartoon Network Creative Arts Emmys Opinion political drama Amazon Lifetime TCA NYCC 2016 Rock Musicals festivals children's TV Emmy Nominations Tarantino See It Skip It aliens Paramount Network crime thriller blaxploitation First Look spinoff YA mutant Tomatazos based on movie Kids & Family adventure streaming Photos Warner Bros. TV Land TV Premiere Dates A&E BBC game show Spectrum Originals FX richard e. Grant Year in Review docudrama Pirates American Society of Cinematographers Universal historical drama NBC E! hist Podcast Shondaland green book Rom-Com USA Network RT History Teen quibi Valentine's Day Pet Sematary Cosplay Binge Guide CBS All Access Spring TV Cannes thriller RT21 politics National Geographic Fantasy dceu Netflix Western Mary poppins Winners Epix Masterpiece TIFF cops transformers talk show theme song period drama boxoffice Marvel Amazon Prime casting elevated horror police drama Star Trek SXSW Comics on TV binge ITV OWN Comedy composers Logo cinemax spy thriller LGBT dragons Chernobyl MTV animated Apple Ellie Kemper 45 justice league toy story El Rey The CW New York Comic Con DC Comics Summer spider-man Fox News teaser Heroines Nat Geo mockumentary Superheroes TCM GoT TLC Mindy Kaling APB discovery adaptation Women's History Month award winner Best and Worst USA Extras singing competition San Diego Comic-Con unscripted kids Lucasfilm psychological thriller History Music Country