News

Why A Bug's Life Is an Underrated Pixar Classic

On its 20th anniversary, we look back at a frequently overlooked Pixar classic that helped cement the studio's reputation.

by | November 24, 2018 | Comments

Ants typically don’t live long enough to turn 20, but A Bug’s Life has reached that two-decade mark. Pixar’s second movie came out in theaters way back in November of 1998, when it premiered on November 14 before opening in limited release on the 20th and expanding everywhere on November 25. Though a success at the time, A Bug’s Life is one of the more forgotten Pixar movies these days. Sure, it doesn’t get flack the way the much-maligned Cars franchise does, but it rarely places highly on any of those “Every Pixar Movie, Ranked” lists that populate the web. Pixar itself appears to have forgotten A Bug’s Life as well, in a way: It’s the only one of the studio’s first six films that hasn’t gotten a sequel (the seventh, if you count Toy Story 2). Not everything needs a sequel, but it’s perhaps telling that the studio hasn’t returned to the story of Flik and his friends.

That’s a shame in a lot of ways. Though A Bug’s Life doesn’t reach the soaring visual and emotional heights of later films like Wall-E, Inside Out, and Coco, it’s still a remarkable success — just on smaller terms, as is fitting for a movie about bugs.


The Antz Rivalry

Walt Disney Studios, DreamWorks
(Photo by Walt Disney Studios, DreamWorks)

To fully appreciate A Bug’s Life, one must travel back to 1998, when moviegoers who wanted to see a computer-animated movie about an ant who was an individualist with big, unappreciated ideas had two choices as the box office. There was A Bug’s Life, and there was DreamWorks’ Antz, a bizarre parable about Marxism starring Woody Allen. That the movies were so similar was not a coincidence, at least not according to Pixar’s brass at the time, who claimed that DreamWorks’ Jeffrey Katzenberg, a former Disney chairman, stole the idea and rushed the movie to theaters before A Bug’s Life. Both were pretty well-received — Certified Fresh at 94%, Antz actually ranks a little higher on the Tomatometer than A Bug’s Life’s also Certified Fresh 92%, even if the audience score for the latter easily tops the former’s — and we can look back at the two movies now with bemusement. Still, consider how wild and telling it is that A Bug’s Life was a big enough deal from the start that it prompted some alleged corporate espionage. That’s the sign of an important movie, if there ever was one.


The Cast Is Full of Unexpected Greats

Buena Vista Pictures courtesy Everett Collection
(Photo by Buena Vista Pictures courtesy Everett Collection)

A Bug’s Life has a secretly stacked cast, full of actors who were definitely not cast because they were “popular with the youths,” but because they were talented. Phyllis Diller, whose iconic cackle was probably familiar to anybody who grew up with the pioneering female comedian in the ‘60s, makes a real character out of the Queen. Mel Brooks mainstay Madeline Kahn, who would die too soon a little more than a year after the film’s premiere, plays Gypsy, while Roddy McDowall, a character actor perhaps best known for his role as Caesar in Planet of the Apes, played a thespian ant. These are all great actors, but perhaps not the most obvious choices for an up-and-coming animation studio in the ‘90s. That they were cast in the movie is another early hint of Pixar’s willingness to do the unexpected.

Other members of the cast were perhaps a little less out of left field, but actors like Julia Louis-Dreyfus (Princess Atta), Denis Leary (Francis), David Hyde Piece (Slim), and Brad Garrett (Dim), and Richard Kind (Molt) are all inspired casting choices, not to mention Dave Foley in the lead as Flik. It’s nearly impossible to talk about Kevin Spacey with any sort of reverence these days, and for good reason, but as Hopper, he voices one of the more chilling villains that Disney — let alone Pixar — has ever dreamed up.


Its Plot was Epic, Yet Focused

Buena Vista Pictures courtesy Everett Collection
(Photo by Buena Vista Pictures courtesy Everett Collection)

A Bug’s Life is, essentially, a kid-friendly rendition of Akira Kurosawa’s Seven Samurai. The grasshoppers, led by Hopper, have been oppressing the ants for too long, and when their greed and cruelty reaches new levels, the ants must fight back. Sure, the fight is less of a Lord of the Rings-style clash between giant armies and more of a Trojan Horse gambit in the form of a wooden bird, but A Bug’s Life has a pretty epic plot nonetheless. And yet, the storytelling economy is on point. In a filmmaker’s roundtable video that Disney/Pixar produced, the directors and producers recall how the script went through multiple iterations as they figured out what had to work in order to make the story flow.

The first big breakthrough came when they recast the lazy grasshopper from the Aesop’s Fable as a greedy tyrant. From there, it was all about making sure that every character had a personal stake in the fighting. Early drafts had a main character who was not from the colony, or circus performers who were initially scammers before deciding to switch sides, but those ideas wouldn’t have worked. By directly tying the conflict to each character in an emotionally resonant way, A Bug’s Life managed to have a large-scale war story with a highly focused scope.


It Was a “Traditional” Disney Story in a Way No Other Pixar Movie Is

Buena Vista Pictures courtesy Everett Collection
(Photo by Buena Vista Pictures courtesy Everett Collection)

These days, Pixar is celebrated for its truly innovative premises. What if the emotions in your head were personified, here to teach you a lesson about how sadness is good? What if humanity ruined the Earth and left a cute, largely silent robot behind to clean up? What if art deco superheroes fought against the struggles of marriage, and also maybe loved Ayn Rand? A Bug’s Life is not like that. In fact, it’s probably the most traditional Pixar movie when compared to Disney’s classic animated canon. The film, like so many of the classic Disney movies, was based on an old tale from the public domain — in this instance, the Aesop’s Fable about the ant and the grasshopper.

Anybody who has watched The Little Mermaid and then gone and read the original Grimm’s Fairy Tale knows that Disney frequently makes major (and typically good) changes when adapting an old story. A Bug’s Life was no different, taking this fable of a lazy grasshopper and hardworking ant and spinning it into a new tale about individualism, make-believe actors becoming real-life heroes, and triumph over extortion. It was Pixar’s only real take on what had been Disney’s M.O. for decades, and while the studio’s creative ambitions would only grow greater, A Bug’s Life is worth remembering for being a singular Pixar reinterpretation.


It Proved That Pixar Wasn’t a Fluke

If the worst thing A Bug’s Life has going for it is that it isn’t one of the greatest animated movies ever made from arguably the greatest animation studio of all time, then that’s a pretty good sophomore slump. After the success of Toy Story, Pixar, which had since become a public company, needed to deliver a success to keep the momentum going.

“We felt the future of the studio was resting on it,” A Bug’s Life producer Darla K. Anderson recalled in that filmmaker’s roundtable. Had Pixar’s second movie been a total bust, Pixar might’ve been written-off as a one-hit wonder. Instead, A Bug’s Life was a critical and financial success — maybe not as good as Toy Story, but a sure sign that there were plenty more good things to come.

Twenty years later, now that computer graphics have progressed so much, it’s easy to overlook the visual and technical leaps that A Bug’s Life Made. Compared to Toy Story, A Bug’s Life is much more complex. Animators needed to create entirely organic-looking worlds on a much bigger scale than Toy Story’s mostly bedroom settings. There were significantly more characters in A Bug’s Life than in the earlier film — heck, the ant colony alone dwarfs Toy Story’’s entire cast. Pixar also had to use or develop new animation techniques to handle light flickering through semi-transparent grass and the flickering flames of the finale. In other words, A Bug’s Life was no small feat, and that warrants a bit of celebration.


A Bug’s Life was released on November 25, 1998.

Tag Cloud

Superheroe BBC America crime zombie sitcom Shudder IFC composers Ovation Action Amazon Logo Country biography Mary Poppins Returns Shondaland tv talk quibi Drama Best and Worst theme song RT History American Society of Cinematographers GoT ITV Music comic game of thrones Spectrum Originals Comedy Central President Family psychological thriller teaser Extras Star Wars MCU zero dark thirty Marvel Apple First Look Television Academy anime crime thriller Ghostbusters mockumentary game show Disney Channel Super Bowl 45 Sony Pictures Lucasfilm talk show television Fall TV Acorn TV Biopics dramedy Starz 2019 Holidays MTV Black Mirror strong female leads Video Games Freeform green book Hulu Oscars TNT Fantasy space SDCC medical drama Summer mutant Comic Book casting History justice league romance Lionsgate Fox News Peacock TV Land Trailer natural history CBS All Access CNN Kids & Family Anna Paquin 2018 streaming Sundance Now OWN DirecTV 24 frames Spring TV YouTube Premium Western supernatural spanish language Certified Fresh south america E3 Red Carpet vampires CBS ratings Brie Larson See It Skip It Syfy revenge discovery Britbox jamie lee curtis Sundance Pet Sematary witnail Schedule aliens New York Comic Con crossover RT21 Christmas Interview Cannes APB cats spy thriller anthology Star Trek 20th Century Fox Ellie Kemper USA USA Network DC Universe kids cinemax IFC Films nature golden globes BET social media Creative Arts Emmys latino Food Network facebook WarnerMedia spain MSNBC Amazon Prime Video Showtime period drama Pop cars Rock YouTube Red Character Guide CW Seed Mindy Kaling Election Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt science fiction boxoffice Universal Crackle VH1 Watching Series ghosts National Geographic Comedy TBS blaxploitation Box Office Song of Ice and Fire The Witch NBC Mudbound CMT festivals Disney streaming service docudrama FXX spinoff historical drama Pirates A&E Pride Month Sci-Fi DGA robots movies Reality Competition travel Opinion Film PaleyFest Rom-Com miniseries DC Comics Countdown police drama Tarantino Stephen King FX Musical HBO Max SundanceTV HBO Arrowverse Comics on TV series Walt Disney Pictures what to watch Masterpiece Warner Bros. Calendar elevated horror Cartoon Network Emmy Nominations Animation Superheroes Grammys ABC Family politics Winners Awards Tour DC streaming service hispanic Chilling Adventures of Sabrina TCA Cosplay Infographic Amazon Prime Pixar stand-up comedy zombies TV Winter TV doctor who foreign adaptation Premiere Dates Chernobyl cops LGBT book Disney spider-man Thanksgiving transformers NYCC GIFs Binge Guide Rocky dragons Vudu 2017 Epix 2015 dc finale technology Mary Tyler Moore Dark Horse Comics Reality X-Men Trophy Talk Valentine's Day LGBTQ singing competition cooking Elton John BBC TIFF unscripted Adult Swim Horror animated Set visit Paramount Year in Review TLC YA Quiz 007 Lifetime dceu The Arrangement San Diego Comic-Con comiccon richard e. Grant Emmys hist Netflix GLAAD political drama Tomatazos toy story El Rey ESPN disaster TCA 2017 The CW Heroines psycho Marathons ABC diversity Bravo crime drama TruTV PBS Captain marvel Podcast Teen binge true crime Nominations Mary poppins Mystery Paramount Network AMC Columbia Pictures children's TV WGN based on movie serial killer FOX Awards TCM 71st Emmy Awards Trivia E! Photos thriller video Writers Guild of America Esquire Nickelodeon sequel Film Festival sports SXSW harry potter Sneak Peek adventure award winner 2016 Women's History Month VICE Spike First Reviews war 21st Century Fox Musicals Polls and Games Tumblr Rocketman Martial Arts Toys Nat Geo cults