From Wardrobe Malfunctions to Left Shark: The Evolution of the Super Bowl Halftime Show

With Super Bowl LVIII on its way — and performance from veteran R&B star Usher — we look at the history of the Super Bowl halftime show.

by , and | February 9, 2024 | Comments

TAGGED AS: , , , , ,

Rihanna performs during Apple Music Super Bowl LVII Halftime Show at State Farm Stadium on February 12, 2023 in Glendale, Arizona.

(Photo by Kevin Mazur/Getty Images)

Many moons ago, the Super Bowl halftime show was viewed like any other football game’s halftime show, only presented on a bigger scale — which is to say that while there was entertainment, it wasn’t necessarily the type of thing you’d go out of your way to watch. Times have changed. The days of thematic marching band performances are gone, and recent producers of the event have leaned heavily on spectacle, nostalgia, and platinum pop stars to deliver a must-see musical production each year. Super Bowl LVIII is right around the corner, airing live on CBS (and streaming on Paramount+) on Sunday, February 11, and after relying on a solo performance from Rihanna last year, 2024 will feature a halftime show from another R&B superstar: Usher. With all of that in mind, we take a look back at the evolution of the Super Bowl halftime show, beginning with the 1970s.

Up with People

The Super Bowl’s early halftime shows were dominated by marching bands, but they had some competition — most significantly courtesy of Up with People, the multi-cultural performance troupe that sprung out of the Moral Re-Armament movement of the ’60s. Between 1976 and 1986, Up with People performed during four halftime shows, and added a fifth performance to their list with an appearance during the pre-game show for Super Bowl XXV in 1991. Trends have long since passed Up with People by, but they’ll forever remain a fascinating footnote in Super Bowl history.

Super Bowl XXI

Performers: By the time Up with People made their final halftime show appearance in 1986, it was clear the troupe was perceived as silly and old-fashioned. Naturally, the NFL went younger and hipper the following year by hiring George Burns and Mickey Rooney to topline the halftime entertainment for a salute to Hollywood’s 100th anniversary, which featured the Grambling and USC marching bands, some high school drill teams, and a handful of Disney characters. Audience demographics were obviously not yet a key concern for the league.

Critical Response: There’s no denying that Burns and Rooney were a pair of Hollywood legends, but this halftime show was a spectacle past its prime when it aired, and it’s widely derided today as one of the Super Bowl’s worst.

Verdict: Rotten

Super Bowl XXII

Performers: Radio City Music Hall served as the producer for Super Bowl XXII’s halftime show, hiring Chubby Checker to perform with the Rockettes and the marching bands for San Diego State University and USC. Although Checker was enjoying something of a comeback at the time, thanks to his appearance with the Fat Boys on a cover of his signature hit “The Twist,” this show didn’t exactly have its finger on the pulse of a generation.

Critical Response: Describing a show that contained “44 Rockettes, 88 pianos, a 400-piece swing band and a jowly Chubby Checker, high atop a make-believe jukebox, singing the famous 1960s aria, ‘Let’s Twist Again, Like We Did Last Summer,'” the Los Angeles Times snarked, “the musicale represented the quiet, understated good taste that has become the hallmark of the Super Bowl.”

Verdict: Rotten

Super Bowl XXIII

Performers: Give the NFL this much: when you name a show “Be Bop Bamboozled in 3-D,” you’re pretty much telling people up front what they can expect to get. Super Bowl XXIII’s halftime entertainment was led by Elvis Presto, the nom de guerre adopted by a former Solid Gold dancer turned Elvis impersonator, and included 3D footage (viewable with glasses obtained courtesy of a tie-in promotion with Diet Coke) and what was billed as “the world’s biggest card trick.”

Critical Response: “It was all meant to be very tongue-in-cheek. It’s all very much a lampoon,” laughed producer Dan Witkowski years later. “I think it all started when we hit on the name Elvis Presto. The rest kind of evolved from there.”

Verdict: Rotten

Super Bowl XXIV

Performers: Super Bowl XXIV was held in New Orleans and coincided with the 40th anniversary of Charles Schulz’s beloved Peanuts comics, so naturally, the league decided to put ’em both together for a halftime show that celebrated Charlie Brown and the gang, as well as the culture of New Orleans. Performers included singer Irma Thomas, fiddler Doug Kershaw, and clarinetist Pete Fountain… plus Snoopy.

Critical Response: “A tribute to New Orleans, also to the 40th anniversary of the comic strip Peanuts, and maybe also to drugs,” wrote Rolling Stone’s Rob Sheffield. “Because Charlie Brown has what exactly the hell to do with jambalaya and Mardi Gras again?”

Verdict: Rotten

Super Bowl XXV

Performers: By the early ’90s, the league — and more importantly, the networks trapped in an annual bidding war for the right to broadcast the show — recognized the need to safeguard against counter-programming luring viewers’ eyes away at halftime, particularly during a stretch of games that included a series of lopsided victories. Enter New Kids on the Block, who took the stage during Super Bowl XXV’s halftime for a Disney-inspired celebration that included a performance of “It’s a Small World.” It was preempted during the broadcast by a Gulf War speech from President George Bush, and overshadowed afterward by Whitney Houston’s rendition of “The Star-Spangled Banner” — all of which was a relief to the New Kids, according to member Donnie Wahlberg.

Critical Response: “I don’t know how much pride I take in the actual performance,” admitted Wahlberg. “But I take pride in the fact that we were the first ones to do it.”

Verdict: Fresh. As Wahlberg noted, the New Kids were the first of-the-moment pop stars to perform during a Super Bowl halftime show… even if no one outside the stadium saw it.

Super Bowl XXVI

Performers: Held at the Metrodome in Minneapolis, the Super Bowl XXVI halftime show was themed around “Winter Magic,” featuring Gloria Estefan, Olympic figure skaters Dorothy Hamill and Brian Boitano, and backup from rapping kids, dancers, and members of the 1980 U.S. Olympics hockey team.

Critical Response: It may have had its absurdly entertaining moments, but the show was embarrassed by Fox’s In Living Color, which aired a “Super Halftime Party” episode that leeched roughly 22 million viewers away from the game.

Verdict: Rotten

Super Bowl XXVII

Michael Jackson performs at the Super Bowl XXVII Halftime show

(Photo by Steve Granitz/WireImage)

Performers: Stung by the halftime ratings from the previous year, producers stepped up their game for Super Bowl XXVII, booking Michael Jackson — still out promoting his 1991 Dangerous LP — to perform a three-song set that’s widely credited with redefining the league’s approach to the show. (Watch the video on YouTube.)

Critical Response: As the New York Times put it, “Michael Jackson’s legacy will forever include this title: King of Pigskin.”

Verdict: Fresh

Super Bowl XXVIII

Performers: No country artist was bigger in the ’90s than Garth Brooks. He didn’t play during the Super Bowl XXVIII halftime show, but producers lined up a multi-platinum quartet to bring sufficient star wattage to its “Rockin’ Country Sunday” spectacular, hiring Clint Black, Tanya Tucker, Travis Tritt, and the Judds to perform.

Critical Response: “Country music haters forced to watch this spectacle must have had their worst suspicion confirmed,” wrote Entertainment Weekly’s Ken Tucker. “That country is just pop with with less sophistication.”

Verdict: Rotten

Super Bowl XXIX

Performers: Clearly, this game’s halftime show is no stranger to bizarre spectacle, but even in context, Super Bowl XXIX is something special. Designed to tie in with Disneyland’s new Indiana Jones and the Temple of the Forbidden Eye attraction, it featured stand-ins for Harrison Ford and Karen Allen on a quest to rescue the stolen Lombardi Trophy (and musical numbers from Patti LaBelle, Tony Bennett, Arturo Sandoval, and the Miami Sound Machine).

Critical Response: Words can’t quite do it justice, but SB Nation might have summed it up best: “Indiana Jones + singers parents will love + Disney music = a halftime show so 1990s it should be wearing spaghetti straps and feathered bangs.”

Verdict: Rotten

Super Bowl XXX

Performers: There’s no denying that Diana Ross was well past her hitmaking prime when she took the stage for the Super Bowl XXX halftime show… but there’s also no arguing that she came to show everyone else how it should be done. Classic songs? Check. A whopping four outfit changes? Check. Leaving the field in a helicopter? Check.

Critical Response: “A spectacular triumph,” wrote Tom Shales for the Washington Post. “Perhaps the best halftime show ever.”

Verdict: Fresh

Super Bowl XXXI

Performers: As far as most of us are concerned, the Blues Brothers effectively ceased to exist after John Belushi’s untimely passing in 1982. But surviving Brother Dan Aykroyd had other ideas, enlisting Belushi’s brother Jim, John Goodman, and the members of ZZ Top for a Super Bowl “Blues Brothers Bash” that made up in attitude whatever it may have lacked in necessity.

Critical Response: “The event only served to remind everyone that John Belushi was still dead,” wrote the San Francisco Chronicle’s Peter Hartlaub, “and that Jim Belushi should stick to straight-to-video K-9 sequels.”

Verdict: James Brown made an appearance, ergo the only possible verdict is Fresh.

Super Bowl XXXII

Performers: The league helped Motown celebrate its 40th anniversary with a halftime musical extravaganza featuring classic Hitsville acts (Smokey Robinson, the Temptations, Martha Reeves) alongside the label’s new wave of chart-toppers (Boyz II Men, Queen Latifah). Also: the Grambling State University Marching Band.

Critical Response: “The set opens with the Temptations in what appear to be full denim suits,” shrugged Vox, “and only goes downhill from there.”

Verdict: The presentation might not have been perfect, but the songs are classics. Fresh.

Super Bowl XXXIII

Performers: Pundits chortled when Aerosmith played alongside ‘N Sync and Britney Spears in Super Bowl XXXV, but it was just part of a long tradition of halftime shows built out of wildly disparate ingredients. Case in point: Super Bowl XXXIII’s halftime entertainment, which boasted a bill that included Stevie Wonder, Gloria Estefan, and briefly popular swing revivalists Big Bad Voodoo Daddy.

Critical Response: Lamenting that “Apparently someone thought Stevie Wonder didn’t pack enough star power to command the entire Super Bowl halftime stage,” Idolator called the end result “all over the place.”

Verdict: It’s far from perfect, but Stevie performing “Sir Duke” in honor of Duke Ellington’s 100th birthday? Fresh.

Super Bowl XXXIV

Performers: Once again, Disney took the production reins for a Super Bowl halftime show, offering viewers a “Tapestry of Nations” that featured an intriguing-looking roster of performers — Phil Collins, Christina Aguilera, Enrique Iglesias, Toni Braxton, and Tina Turner — who were handed a set list that resolutely refused to play to any of their strengths. From Turner’s lackluster rendition of “Proud Mary” to Collins’ performance of a ballad from the Tarzan soundtrack, this never really got out of second gear.

Critical Response: “Anything produced by Disney is expected to be corny and sentimental, enough to make you angry and not go to work the next day,” wrote Yahoo! Music’s Rob O’Connor. “It takes a full lineup of processed cheese to top the pack.”

Verdict: Rotten

Super Bowl XXXV

Performers: As we’ve seen, the Super Bowl has a tendency to toss unrelated acts together for its halftime shows, and as often as not, the results aren’t as weirdly entertaining as they might seem on paper. But Super Bowl XXXV bucked that trend with a bill boasting Aerosmith, ‘N Sync, Britney Spears, Mary J. Blige, and Nelly — a wild collision of pop, rock, and R&B stars that worked in spite of itself.

Critical Response: Adam Graham of the Detroit News called it “The most fun halftime show the Super Bowl has ever produced, one whose sheer pop might won’t soon, if ever, be matched.”

Verdict: Fresh

Super Bowl XXXVI

Bono, lead singer of U2, performs during the halftime show at Super Bowl XXXVI

(Photo by KMazur/WireImage)

Performers: Understandably a little leery about embracing frivolity so soon after the September 11 attacks, Janet Jackson rebuffed the NFL’s overtures for Super Bowl XXXVI — so they turned to U2, who delivered a heartfelt set that included scrolling the victims’ names on a big screen and culminated with frontman Bono opening his jacket to reveal the American flag. (Watch the video on YouTube.)

Critical Response: “It was,” decreed Sports Illustrated, “arguably the best Super Bowl halftime show of all time.”

Verdict: Fresh

Super Bowl XXXVII

Performers: What does Sting have to do with No Doubt? As the Police co-founder told Howard Stern years later, he and frontwoman Gwen Stefani go way back — a bond that manifested itself when she inducted the band into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame later that year. Stefani and Sting’s duet on the Police hit “Message in a Bottle” stole the show from Shania Twain, who took a critical drubbing for her allegedly lip-synced performance.

Critical Response: “No thanks to Twain,” wrote the Los Angeles Times, “Stefani saved the play by doing what she does best, super-charging a Southern California crowd in a stadium setting through sheer force of ska-sonality.”

Verdict: Fresh

Super Bowl XXXVIII

Performers: You remember this one — even if you don’t remember that Jessica Simpson, a University of Houston marching band, Kid Rock, Diddy, and Nelly also performed. Those Super Bowl XXXVIII halftime acts were bumped into the ashbin of history the moment Justin Timberlake caused the Janet Jackson “wardrobe malfunction” that prompted a record-setting number of TiVo rewinds (as well as a not-inconsiderable number of FCC complaints).

Critical Response: “For one flashing moment during her performance at Sunday’s game, Janet’s brother was no longer the most scandalous Jackson,” quipped Entertainment Weekly.

Verdict: Rotten

Super Bowl XXXIX

 Paul McCartney performs during the Super Bowl XXXIX halftime show

(Photo by Jeff Gross/Getty Images)

Performers: Breaking with a stretch of combo-platter performances, the NFL lined up Paul McCartney for Super Bowl XXXIX — because if you’ve got a former Beatle on the stage, do you really need anybody else? The answer, of course, turned out to be “no, not at all.” (Watch the video on YouTube.)

Critical Response: “Who cares that ‘football’ means something totally different in Macca’s hometown of Liverpool?” asked Paste. “His halftime set of Beatles and solo hits was simple, concise and nearly perfect.”

Verdict: Fresh

Super Bowl XL

Performers: Perhaps only in the context of the Super Bowl could the Rolling Stones still seem somewhat dangerous in 2006. Months after releasing their A Bigger Bang LP, the band played the halftime show — and faced censorship for vaguely naughty lyrics in their classic hit “Start Me Up” and new single “Rough Justice.” Trigger-happy mute buttons notwithstanding, it was still the Stones, man.

Critical Response: “They may have joked about their age — with Mick Jagger introducing ‘(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction’ by saying ‘This one we could have done at Super Bowl I,'” admitted Hitfix, “but they didn’t come off like a safe nostalgia act.”

Verdict: Fresh

Super Bowl XLI

Performers: Long heralded as one of the most incendiary live performers of his generation, Prince didn’t disappoint when the NFL hired him to play the halftime show at Super Bowl XLI. Instead of trotting out his greatest hits, he strolled out in the rain to deliver a fiery, finely calibrated assortment of originals and covers of well-known songs by other artists — all topped off with an unforgettable rendition of “Purple Rain.” For more than a few viewers, the Super Bowl has never been the same since.

Critical Response: “Prince,” argued Christina Capatides for CBS, “singlehandedly made it okay to be sexy, unpredictable and inventive at the Super Bowl again.”

Verdict: Fresh

Super Bowl XLII

Performers: Aside from a brief flirtation with making outré videos in the ’80s, Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers have never been an image-driven band. To their credit, they held fast to that music-first identity at Super Bowl XLII, eschewing the event’s traditional glamour in favor of a meat-and-potatoes rock ‘n’ roll show.

Critical Response: “Petty wasn’t a reason to keep watching at halftime,” observed the Village Voice’s Tom Breihan. “He was a reason not to change the channel.”

Verdict: Fresh

Super Bowl XLIII

Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band perform at the Bridgestone halftime show during Super Bowl XLIII

(Photo by Jeff Kravitz/FilmMagic)

Performers: Telling reporters he’d passed up on the chance to play the halftime show before, Bruce Springsteen openly admitted he changed his mind when invited to perform at Super Bowl XLIII because he had a new record (2009’s Working on a Dream) to promote. To a certain breed of rock fan, there’s nothing quite like a Springsteen show, particularly with the E Street Band, and with a crowd of millions at their backs, they couldn’t help but rock and roll — but maybe it wasn’t quite the transcendent spectacle the Boss’s fans were used to. (Watch the video on YouTube.)

Critical Response: “While shilling does not carry the sting it once did, perhaps Springsteen let the weight of responsibility limit his imagination in his 12-minute set,” Jon Caramanica of the New York Times suggested.

Verdict: Fresh

Super Bowl XLIV

Musicians Roger Daltrey (L) and Pete Townshend of The Who perform onstage during the Super Bowl XLIV Halftime Show

(Photo by Kevin Mazur/WireImage)

Performers: They were decades removed from their creative and commercial peak and they hadn’t released an album of new material in years, which made the Who something of an odd choice for Super Bowl XLIV. Of course, even if Roger Daltrey and Pete Townshend were the last surviving members of the original lineup, they still pack enough rock ‘n’ roll punch to sell out stadiums; unfortunately, Townshend was struggling with health issues in the weeks leading up to the game, which contributed to their halftime show’s altogether underwhelming air.

Critical Response: “All that was missing,” wrote the New Orleans Times-Picayune’s Keith Spera, “was Austin Powers.”

Verdict: Rotten

Super Bowl XLV

Performers: It seems fairly likely that the overlap between Black Eyed Peas and Guns N’ Roses fans is awfully slim, and yet for Super Bowl XLV, organizers lined up a halftime show that found Peas vocalist Fergie trying to wail her way through the GNR hit “Sweet Child O’ Mine” with exiled Guns co-founder Slash on guitar. Somewhat predictably, it compared unfavorably with the original.

Critical Response: “This is how far Slash has fallen,” lamented SB Nation’s Brian Floyd. “Luckily nobody will remember his part as they rip everything else about the show. At least he’s got that going for him.”

Verdict: Rotten

Super Bowl XLVI

Performers: Like Bruce Springsteen, Madonna had a new record to promote when she was approached to perform at the Super Bowl halftime show — and she pulled out all the stops, enlisting Nicki Minaj, M.I.A., and stars-of-the-moment LMFAO to join her in a hits-laden set that naturally included her then-current single, “Give Me All Your Luvin’.” The performance wasn’t short on spectacle — she entered being pulled on a chariot! — but quite a few critics, while entertained, resented being so transparently sold a bill of goods.

Critical Response: “Despite its success and extravagance, this whole halftime package most of all was little more than an ingeniously well planned — and shockingly transparent — advertisement,” wrote the Los Angeles Times’ Randall Roberts, “and not much more.”

Verdict: Fresh

Super Bowl XLVII

Performers: Beyoncé was still months removed from releasing her self-titled fifth solo album when she took the stage during Super Bowl XLVII, but her disbanded girl group Destiny’s Child had a new compilation to promote, so it surprised roughly no one that the trio staged a temporary reunion in the midst of Beyoncé’s career-encompassing halftime show. Still, whatever it lacked in terms of shock value, it more than made up with stage presentation, choreography, and sheer bootylicious abandon.

Critical Response: “From the moment she appeared as a giant silhouette against a plume of smoke while the late Green Bay Packers coach Vince Lombardi’s legendary ‘excellence must be pursued’ Super Bowl speech was heard,” wrote the Hollywood Reporter’s David Rooney, “Beyoncé turned on a high-energy, sexually charged performance with exciting multimedia elements.”

Verdict: Fresh

Super Bowl XLVIII

Performers: Bruno Mars’ Unorthodox Jukebox LP was in the midst of its quadruple-platinum chart run when he performed at Super Bowl XLVIII, and although he was only on his second album, he already had more than enough hits under his belt to handle the halftime show on his own — but he still brought out the Red Hot Chili Peppers for a mid-set team-up on the band’s 1991 hit “Give It Away.” The Peppers later admitted they’d been miming their performance, but to the folks at home, it didn’t matter much.

Critical Response: “Mars’ performance was near flawless, but the lift in crowd noise when the Chili Peppers played told a story: on this occasion spontaneous rock dynamism trumped slick soul pop,” wrote the Sydney Morning Herald’s Peter Vincent.

Verdict: Fresh

Super Bowl XLIX

Performers: The NFL continued its streak of selecting buzzy younger pop performers when putting together the bill for Super Bowl XLIX, hiring Katy Perry for the halftime show — and although Perry opened her set to include guest appearances from Lenny Kravitz and Missy Elliott, it was totally her show. Well, maybe hers and Left Shark’s, but still.

Critical Response: “With the entertaining, hassle-free show, Perry proved the NFL correct in her selection as halftime,” argued USA Today’s Chris Chase, calling the show “one of the few things the NFL got right this year.”

Verdict: Fresh

Super Bowl 50

Beyonce, Chris Martin of Coldplay and Bruno Mars perform onstage during the Pepsi Super Bowl 50 Halftime Show

(Photo by Matt Cowan/Getty Images)

Performers: For the Super Bowl’s grand 50th anniversary celebration, the league lined up Coldplay to headline, with guest appearances from Beyoncé and Bruno Mars with Mark Ronson. Nothing against the guys in Coldplay, but their midtempo catalog isn’t exactly suited for this type of event — all of which is to say it’s no surprise that most pundits said Beyoncé’s performance of “Formation” was the highlight of the set. (Watch the video on YouTube.)

Critical Response: “By the time Bruno Mars challenged Bey to a dance-off,” wrote Vox’s Caroline Framke, “she’d stolen the show once and for all.”

Verdict: Fresh

Super Bowl LI

Performers: The 51st edition of any long-running event is bound to feel a little anticlimactic after all the pageantry that goes along with hitting that half-century milestone, but whatever Lady Gaga’s halftime show lacked in built-in anticipation, it more than made up in sheer showmanship. From patriotic opening numbers to jaw-dropping aerial work and a hits-studded set that ran the gamut from chart-topping favorites to newer material, she took command of the biggest audience of her multiplatinum career — and never let go. “We’re here to make you feel good,” she told the crowd at one point, and that goal was more than evident in her performance.

Critical Response: “Lady Gaga’s Super Bowl halftime show,” wrote Time’s Daniel D’addario, “stands as among the very best in the history of the form, racing ambitiously through the artist’s entire career and putting forward the qualities of the artist that just work.”

Verdict: Fresh

Super Bowl LII

Performers: Justin Timberlake returned to the halftime stage for the first time since his “Nipplegate” fiasco in 2004. And while he didn’t bring Janet Jackson back with him for a repeat performance, he did pay tribute to the recently departed Minneapolis hometown hero Prince via what some expected to be a hologram, but was actually a projection of the purple one on a screen.

Critical Response: “The performance was decent, and Timberlake sounded good and danced even better. As far as half-time shows go, it was satisfactory, a fun but forgettable display of the singer’s substantial talents,” wrote The Guardian’s Jake Nevins. EW’s Darren Franich summed it up: “He played it too safe; he took Sexy away.”

Verdict: Fresh (barely)

Super Bowl LIII

Performers: Maroon 5 took on what promised to be a thankless task, headlining during a year in which controversy rampaged through the NFL over player Colin Kaepernick’s kneeling during the National Anthem. (Rihanna and Cardi B reportedly said, “Thanks, but no” to the gig in solidarity with the former quarterback.) Rappers Travis Scott and Big Boi also performed.

Critical Response: Yeesh. Not good. You’d think Nickelback played based on the halftime show reviews. The New York Times‘ Jon Caramanica seemed to be satisfying a personal vendetta in his review: “Maroon 5 — a quasi-soul, quasi-rock, utterly funkless band…likely the third or eighth or maybe 14th choice for a headliner…Maroon 5 was a cynically apt choice…as easy to forget as mild weather…a performance that was dynamically flat, mushy at the edges, worthy of something much worse than derision: a shrug…an inessential performance from a band that might have lost some moral authority if it had any moral authority to lose.” Vox’s headline: “Maroon 5 was fine.” Writer Alex Abad-Santos went on to elaborate: “Maroon 5’s 2019 Super Bowl halftime show was aggressively fine.” Some other adjectives round out the picture: “basic,” “flavorless,” “painful,” and “tasted like fear.”

Verdict: Rotten

Super Bowl LIV

Performers: Politics raged once more in the background of the Super Bowl in 2020 – which was one of the last major events held in that blissful period we might now call “BC,” or Before COVID. The national anthem kneeling protest remained a divisive issue and America was gearing up for a fraught election season, but if anyone could unite both sides of the aisle, and the country, it was Jennifer Lopez and Shakira, joined briefly by Bad Bunny and J. Balvin. After Shakira’s six-minute set – in which she was the first Latinx artist to perform music in Spanish during a halftime show – J-Lo came in and wowed with a ferociously choreographed journey through her greatest hits, including “Let’s Get Loud” and “Waiting For Tonight.”

Critical Response: Much of the focus leading up to the halftime show was on the milestone being made by having two Latina performers take the stage, and Lopez staged a chills-on-the-back-of-your-neck moment when daughter Emmie Muñiz sang Bruce Springsteen’s “Born in the USA” as mom waved around a cape featuring the Puerto Rican and American flags. After the show there was chatter about some of revealing costumes – come on, we haven’t gotten past this?! – and who upstaged whom. “[Lopez] pushed further with dance than Shakira did, at the cost of a good grip of singing,” Craig Jenkins wrote for Vulture. “Her intricate routines nodded to the Super Bowl’s marching-band past, and suggested that someone’s paying attention to the fearlessly vertical routines in Cheer and large-scale productions like Homecoming.” But the overwhelming assessment was that this was a landmark halftime show, and one loaded with meaning for the game and the country. For Rolling Stone, Suzy Exposito wrote, “… as much as this game has further aggravated divisions in the United States — it’s impossible to play down the fact that for 15 fleeting minutes, hundreds of millions of eyes were on Latinas. And not just Latinas, but Latinas getting loud.”

Verdict: Fresca

Super Bowl LV

The Weeknd performs during the Super Bowl LV Halftime Show

(Photo by Mike Ehrmann/Getty Images)

Performers: To say 2021 was an odd year, would be an understatement. And that sentiment could easily be applied to the year’s Super Bowl halftime show. Nearly one year into the COVID-19 pandemic, Tampa Bay’s Raymond James Stadium sported a socially-distanced crowd of 25,000 fans, with another 30,000 life-size cutouts filling those coveted seats. The Weeknd took note of the situation and, instead of adding high-caliber guest stars, he pivoted his 13-minute set to feature a Las Vegas cityscape, an army of face-bandaged back-up dancers, a choir of shiny robots, and an epic firework show. As he journeyed through his biggest hits, from “Starboy” and “Can’t Feel My Face” to “I Feel It Coming,” it became evident that this meme-worthy performance wasn’t focused solely on those in the stadium’s seats, but more so, for the millions of locked-down viewers at home. (Watch the video on YouTube.)

Critical Response: Aside from a brief musical interlude on the green, The Weeknd performed most of his set from a stage set up in the stands. That, right there, was a huge pivot from the Super Bowl’s long-standing tradition of setting its halftime shows on a stage in the middle of the field. Patrick Ryan of USA Today compared it to “your average VMAs medley with a slightly higher budget, rather than a performance that was envisioned and executed specifically for a stage as big as the Super Bowl.” That said, The Weeknd did his best to rise above the production challenges and as Benjamin Lee of The Guardian points out, “it was energetic and extravagant enough for that not to be noticeable.”

Verdict: Fresh

Super Bowl LVI

Eminem, Dr. Dre, Mary J. Blige, and Snoop Dogg perform during the Pepsi Super Bowl LVI Halftime Show

(Photo by Kevin C. Cox/Getty Images)

Performers:  It wouldn’t be a stretch to say that 2022 set the new standard for Super Bowl halftime shows. Not only was this the first in-person Super Bowl since the Covid-19 pandemic shut things down, the year marked the first-ever performance helmed by a hip-hop performer. In fact, this year’s show was helmed by a banging roster of hip-hop royalty – led by Dr. Dre and featuring Snoop Dogg, 50 Cent, Mary J. Blige, Kendrick Lamar, and Eminem – who gave a nostalgic homage to L.A.’s impact on the culture.

The near 15-minute set kicked off with Dre and Snoop performing classics, “The Next Episode” and “California Love,” before dropping into 50 Cent’s “In Da Club” – taking us all back to 2003 with his white tank top, G-Unit gold chain, and upside-down hanging verses. On the roof of the two-story set, Mary J. Blige performed “Family Affair” and brought the house down with “No More Drama,” before Kendrick Lamar changed the tone with “Alright,” setting the viewers up with Eminem’s all-time classic “Lose Yourself,” and the show’s big closer, “Still D.R.E.” (Watch the video on YouTube.)

Critical Response: The Los Angeles Times called the performance, “a festive, funky, thoroughly trunk-rattling halftime show.” And it was. The energy was infectious and the party atmosphere succeeded at getting those at SoFi Stadium, and viewers at home, on their feet. After 50 years of hip-hop, this was a milestone, to be sure. But one has to wonder why it took this long for rap music to take center stage. Rumored efforts of the NFL’s attempt at censoring lyrics by Dre and Kendrick referencing police brutality, and a failed attempt at stopping Eminem from paying homage to Colin Kaepernick by kneeling on the stage, was a reminder to viewers that, even though this was an epic performance for the books, we still have a lot of work to do. Or, as Complex pointed out, “It was a huge moment for the genre — but not big enough to overshadow all the injustice that engendered the moment.”

Verdict: Fresh

Super Bowl LVII

Rihanna performs during Apple Music Super Bowl LVII Halftime Show at State Farm Stadium on February 12, 2023 in Glendale, Arizona.

(Photo by Kevin Mazur/Getty Images)

Performers: After a more than five-year stretch of not performing live, Rihanna took the State Farm Stadium stage for the Super Bowl LVII halftime show, and her performance kept people talking. For nearly 14 minutes, the “Umbrella” singer implemented an array of stunning choreography, eye-popping production, striking wardrobe, and floating stages to bring a collection of her biggest hits to life. Her calm and collected poise was enough to carry the show; she remained on stage without being joined by any big-name guests like SZA, Jay-Z, or Drake. One surprise guest was revealed during the whole shebang: Rihanna announced her pregnancy with her second child by simply showing off her baby bump during the course of the show, which made her high-wire dance numbers even more impressive to watch. The singer revealed in late 2023 that it wasn’t her intention to announce the pregnancy during the performance, but, in true Super Bowl halftime tradition, she experienced a wardrobe malfunction that prevented her from zipping up her jumpsuit and concealing the bump.

Critical Response: RiRi may have been the only singer to grace the Super Bowl Halftime Show stage in 2023, but that didn’t stop viewers from tuning in. According to The Associated Press, her performance attracted upwards of 121-million viewers, making it the most-watched Halftime Show performance of all time. “What you got was a slick, chic, serviceable survey of some of pop’s best offerings of the past two decades – which was as warm and cozy as those puffy white ski suits must have felt on Rihanna’s very mobile, heartily memed backup dancers,” raved Jason Lamphier of Entertainment Weekly.

Verdict: Fresh

Super Bowl LVIII

Performers: Hot off his 18-month Las Vegas residency and just in time for the release of his ninth studio album, “Coming Home,” Usher took to the Super Bowl LVIII halftime show stage at Allegiant Stadium with something to prove. After 30 years in the business, he danced, roller skated, and crooned shirtless throughout a 15-minute long set that highlighted his biggest hits. Cirque du Soleil-style backup dancers added mystique to the show as Usher was joined by a bevy of noteworthy guests like Alicia Keys, Lil Jon, Ludacris,, and H.E.R. The set list included songs like, “Love in this Club,” “Confessions Pt. III,” and “U Got It Bad” and reminded viewers that, after three decades, Usher is still the undisputed “King of R&B.”

Critical Response: Ever the showman, Usher managed to capture the attention of the collective Super Bowl audience – who were both in attendance and tuning in from home – and didn’t let go throughout the duration of his performance. Adrian Horton at The Guardian called the “Yeah!” singer’s voice “as velvety and limber as ever.” But how did Usher’s halftime show measure up to previous years? “Usher put on the best one-man Super Bowl halftime since Bruno Mars a decade ago and Beyoncé the year before that,” Daniel Fienberg at Hollywood Reporter said.

Verdict: Fresh

On an Apple device? Follow Rotten Tomatoes on Apple News.